The global wind industry posted another record for new commissioned capacity in 2021, as total additions fell just short of 100GW for the second year in a row, according to research by BloombergNEF (BNEF).
BNEF’s 2021 Global Wind Turbine Market Shares report finds that developers brought online some 99.2 gigawatts of wind turbines globally in 2021, edging past the 98.5 gigawatts commissioned the previous year. While the majority was added on land (83%), additions of new offshore turbines rose to 16.8 gigawatts – a 161% increase compared with 2020.
Vestas regained its spot at the top of the ranking, adding 15.2 gigawatts worldwide. This is a 3.2-gigawatt lead on its nearest competitor, Goldwind, which was in second place with 12 gigawatts.
Siemens Gamesa took the third spot in the ranking.
General Electric, the previous year’s leading turbine maker, fell to fifth place as installations dropped 22% in its home market the U.S.
BNEF identified 55.8 gigawatts of new wind capacity commissioned in China last year. Despite global commodities inflation and supply-chain chaos, annual installations in China were only two gigawatts shy of the record set in 2020.
The scheduled end to the China’s offshore wind feed-in tariff saw developers install 14.2 gigawatts of offshore wind turbines, a threefold jump (251%) year-on-year. China’s Shanghai Electric, Mingyang, Goldwind and CSSC Haizhuang capitalized on this growth to take the top four spots in BNEF’s offshore wind ranking. Siemens Gamesa, which had been top of the rankings since 2017, slipped down to sixth place, just behind Vestas.
BloombergNEF head of wind research Oliver Metcalfe said: "China dominated the offshore wind market as the industry yet again showed what it can do when subsidies are on the line.
"As offshore installations drop off in China in 2022, other markets are set to fill the gap.
"The UK will add more than 3GW of offshore wind for the first time this year, while activity will also pick up in new market Taiwan."
The US remains the second largest market for new wind build, adding 13GW in 2021.
Together with China, it accounted for two-thirds of new global wind capacity last year.
Vietnam broke into the top three global wind markets for the first time, bringing online 3.6GW of onshore and near-shore wind farms.